Musonius Rufus — III & IV: On the education of women

[image: bronze statuette of a girl reading (1st century), Wikipedia; this is essay #274 in the “Philosophy as a Way of Life” series]

The third and fourth lectures by Musonius Rufus, the teacher of Epictetus, deal with the topic of how women should be educated. While, inevitably, Musonius makes some comments that would not pass muster with current ideas on gender issues, the Stoics in general, and Musonius in particular, were ahead of their time in this respect. It would, of course, be anachronistic to talk about ancient Stoic…