Epic battles in practical ethics: Virtue ethics vs Consequentialism

Aristotle, right, and John Stuart Mill, left

(For two previous examples of “epic battles in practical ethics,” see here and here.)

There are three great philosophical frameworks to think about ethics (and a number of minor ones and variations thereof): deontology (i.e., rule-based), consequentialism, and virtue ethics. In this essay I will not consider the first one, the most famous examples…