A conceptual map of the Hellenistic schools of life philosophy

[image: the physical location of some of the major Hellenistic schools in ancient Athens; this is essay #345 in the Philosophy as a Way of Life series]

The Hellenistic period is one of the pivotal moments in the history of humanity, a “moment” that historians bracket with the death of Alexander the Great (323 BCE) and the battle of Actium (31 BCE), where Octavian — the future first Roman emperor Augustus — beat the crap out of the joint forces of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra. The period led, among many other things, to the…